PAMPHLET No. 6
Teaching . .
Prepared for the Guidance
of Service Women who are
returning to Civil Life .
the Ministry of Post-War Reconstruction
in collaboration with
the Department of Labour and National Service
and the Departments of Navy, Army and Air
WHAT IS KINDERGARTEN TEACHING?
In Nursery Schools and Kindergartens all over
Australia there is a very great demand for the ser-
vices of specially trained teachers to work with
children between the ages of two and six years.
The job of the kindergarten teacher is, in co-
operation with the parents, to make the best possible
provision for the physical, mental, social and
emotional development of the children in her care.
The profession is suitable only for women.
NATURE OF WORK.
In the kindergarten the teacher has the task of
planning a free, happy, and healthy environment
and of helping each child to make the best possible
use of it, guiding and leading him in the development
of his own personality and individuality; and teach-
ing him to take his share in small group responsi-
bilities, in group plans and decisions.
By means of the planned activities of the child’s
day, such as play, routines, stories, discussions, nature
studies, music, language and literature, art exper-
iences, and the multitude of informal adult-child
contacts, she seeks to further the development of his
intelligence, his social sense, his emotional stability,
and his spiritual well-being.
Much of the child’s training is carried out by means
of play, and the kindergarten teacher must see that
play materials are provided which encourage him to
experiment, create, and construct—materials which
give him problems to solve and through which he
learns to recognize colours, shapes, and relationships
between one object and another.
She is responsible, too, for the supervision of the
health and nutrition of every child. This involves
arrangements for regular measuring and weighing;
periodic medical examinations and, sometimes, dental
treatment; daily health inspection; immunization;
activity to promote muscle development and good
posture; sleep on suitable individual beds; and
balanced mid-day meals.
The kindergarten teacher is concerned not only
with a programme for the physical and mental health
of the child during the hours he is attending the
kindergarten, but she is also concerned with assisting
the parents to acquire a knowledge of child guidance.
Her experience of large numbers of young children
enables her to judge whether or not a child is develop-
ing well for his age. Her understanding of the
fundamental needs of children enables her to make
sound, practical suggestions for the child’s all-round
care and training.
Therefore, while the greater part of her working
day will be spent with little children, she will also
be required to make frequent personal contacts with
parents and committees. In addition, if she is in
charge of a larger kindergarten, she will, as director,
be responsible for a trained staff of kindergarten
teachers, a domestic staff, and often for students in
AVENUES OF EMPLOYMENT.
1. Free kindergartens and nursery schools in
2. Lady Gowrie Child Centres.
3. Education Departments in some States.
(A few enter the service after being trained,
apart from those trained by the department
4. Private kindergartens; church kindergar-
5. Child welfare centres; play centres.
6. Kindergartens connected with non-State
• There is a very great shortage of kinder-
garten teachers at present throughout the Com-
monwealth—a shortage that is likely to continue
for some years.
Note. —This pamphlet refers exclusively to the train-
ing of kindergarten teachers as carried out by voluntary
organizations, i.e., the Kindergarten Training College,
and the Nursery School Training College. Women
wishing to enter the service of State Education Depart 1
ments which offer courses of training for kindergarten
or infant school teachers (dealing with the child from
about 5 to 8 years of age) should seek information from
the Department in the State concerned.